University Professors are specially appointed by the Executive Board for a period of five years. The appointment is reserved for leading professors from within the University or outside it who have demonstrated excellence in research, teaching and social impact. Besides their faculty-specific assignment, University Professors have a University-wide remit which they can shape as they see fit. The University of Amsterdam has been appointing University Professors since 1996. Retired University Professors are listed under Emeritus University Professors.